Glaucoma is a group of diseases of the optic nerve. The optic nerve is the connection from the eye to the brain. Over time with glaucoma, optic nerve fibers are damaged, and the brain no longer receives the proper
information from the eye. The loss of nerve fibers leads to a painless, and typically very slow, progressive loss of vision. Glaucoma often affects the peripheral or side vision first, but it can progress to total vision loss if left
untreated. There are many treatments for glaucoma including eye drops, laser procedures, and surgeries. These treatments have been shown to slow and in some cases stop the progression of the disease. However,
glaucoma is a chronic condition that requires consistent monitoring and management to maintain effective therapy.
Cataracts are defects in the eye’s natural lens. They occur naturally and painlessly over time, however certain illnesses, medications, and trauma can increase a person’s risk of developing cataracts at an earlier age. The
lens becomes cloudy and distorts/blocks light from passing through the eyes properly. This causes blur and loss of vision. Luckily, cataracts can be removed, and vision restored. Cataracts are often first detected upon
routine examination. When it becomes time for surgery, the surgeon removes the natural lens (including the cataract) and replaces it with an artificial lens. This procedure is typically very successful in restoring a person’s
Macular degeneration is a retinal disease. The portion of the retina that corresponds to a person’s central, fine detail vision is called the macula. Over time with macular degeneration, the cells of the macula become sick
and do not function properly. This leads to poor or distorted central vision even with the best prescription glasses. A person’s risk of macular degeneration increases with age, strong family history of the condition, a
history of increased UV light exposure, and smoking. Often macular degeneration can be present for many years before a person has symptoms. Therefore it is important to detect, monitor, and treat this condition
appropriately to reduce the risk of vision loss.
Dry Eye Disease
Dry eye disease occurs when there is insufficient or inconsistent coverage of tears over the surface of the eye. There are generally two types of dry eye disease. The first is a lack of production of adequate tear volume.
The second is the excessive evaporation of the tears. The two types can also occur together. Chronic dry eyes can lead to many frustrating symptoms including tired eyes, redness, foreign body sensation, excess tearing,
and fluctuations in vision. Risk of chronic dry eye increases with age, dry climate, certain medications/systemic illness, computer use, and certain occupations/hobbies. Dry eye disease has many treatment options, from
artificial tears to prescription medication and other more advanced therapies.
Laser Eye Surgery Consultation
We are happy to offer evaluations and referrals for many refractive surgeries including LASIK, PRK, Kamra, and Refractive Lens Exchange.